How is ABA used to support my child’s goals?
In ABA therapy, when a goal is identified it is broken down into smaller parts. For example, if an individual is learning how to wash their hands the goal could be broken down into the following steps:
By breaking down a goal into smaller parts, professionals can gradually teach and shape the individual to complete each step. The individual will be rewarded after completing each step until they are able to complete the whole task, washing their hands.
When addressing challenging behaviours such as physical aggression or self-injurious behaviour, ABA uses a functional behaviour assessment process to help determine the reasons why the behaviour is occurring. This involves objective assessment of the behaviours, development of a treatment plan and continuous monitoring of the plan to ensure progress is being made. The ABA plan would also include teaching the individual an alternative behaviour that helps them functionally communicate their needs and wants.